Friday, May 22, 2020
In English grammar, an irregular plural is aÃ noun that does not form its plural simply by adding the suffix -s or -es to the base. Although most count nouns in English have regular plurals, some nouns (such as sheep) dont have separate plural forms while others (such as woman and half) form the plural by changing an internal vowel (women) or consonant (halves). Examples and Observations All around us on each side of the river were sheep, cattle, horses, wagons, men, women and childrenÃ¢â¬âmore cattle and sheep than I ever saw before in my life: drove after drove, thousands, yes, tens of thousands.(Rebecca Ketcham, quoted by Lillian Schlissel in Womens Diaries of the Westward Journey. Schocken Books, 1992)Farmers trekked into town with their children and wives streaming around them. (Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. Random House, 1969)There was a discipline and purpose about the wolves, almost like divisions of an army preparing for battle. (John Connolly, The Book of Lost Things. Atria, 2006)It is incredibly easy to update tests, quizzes, syllabi, handouts, and parent letters with simple cut and paste strategies. (Mary C. Clement,First. Scarecrow, 2005) Time in the High School ClassroomStudents hear several series of familiar patterns in various combinations and recognize the tonality (major or minor) of each series. (Eric Bluestine, The Ways Childr en Learn Music. GIA, 2000)Parentheses come in pairs. (Bill Walsh, Yes, I Could Care Less: How to Be a Language Snob Without Being a Jerk. St. Martins Press, 2013)[O]ne can see engravings, paintings, and carvings in the soft surface of the rock. Most of the figures represented are deer and bison, primary food sources for the caves inhabitants. (Trudy Ring et al., International Dictionary of Historic Places: Southern Europe. Fitzroy Dearborn, 1995)I have hired a programmer to set up a customized version of Access, specifically to cross-index my patients, including the usual demographic data, diagnoses, medications, referrals, and procedures. (Phil R. Manning and Lois DeBakey,Ã Ã¢â¬â¹Medicine: Preserving the Passion in the 21st Century, 2nd ed. Springer, 2004)If the plural of loaf is loaves, whats the plural of oaf? she says. Why isnt it oaves? George realizes that a good deal of what she says is directed not to him or to any other listener but simply to herself. (Margaret Atwood, Wilderness Tips. Doubleday, 1991) Nouns With Two Plural Forms Irregular plural nouns are generally nouns that follow older patterns of English or are nouns that have been borrowed from Latin or Greek and thus take the Latin or Greek plural formation. In the case of words that have been borrowed from Latin or Greek, there is a tendency for them to adopt over time the regular English plural -s inflection. Therefore, we see words such as syllabus that actually have two plural forms, the original syllabi and the English syllabuses. (Andrea DeCapua, Grammar for Teachers. Springer, 2008) Irregular Nouns With New Meanings When a word with an irregular plural is given a new meaning, it often takes a regular plural. So, although leaves is the usual plural of leaf, the Toronto hockey team is called the Maple Leafs, a tea in Taiwan is called Leafs and a Swedish band is called Fallen Leafs. The normal regular plural for mouse must be mice, yet computer mice gives a strange image of little creatures dashing about the mouse-pad rather than the new regular plural, computer mouses; nevertheless, Dell computers use mice on their website. . . . Interestingly, the same regularization effect applies to the pronunciation of irregular spellings: salmon is said without an l but salmonella clearly has one. (Vivian Cook, All in a Word. Melville House, 2010) Top 10 Mistakes Using Nouns With Irregular Plurals The following list shows the ten nouns with irregular plural forms that cause the most difficulty for advanced learners of English. The words on the left show the singular form of the noun and the words on the right show the correct plural form: 1. life - lives 2. child - children 3. belief - beliefs 4. country - countries 5. company - companies 6. hero - heroes 7. wife - wives 8. city - cities 9. sheep - sheep 10. activity - activities Note that in [most dictionaries] an entry for a noun with an irregular plural form will show the plural form at the start of the entry. (Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary, 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press, 2008) The Lighter Side of Irregular Plurals This is a man who thinks the plural of goose is sheep.(Lois Griffin speaking about Peter Griffin in Running Mates. Family Guy, 2000)My boy, said the school inspector, whats the plural of mouse?Mice, said Jimmie.Right, said the inspector. And now, what is the plural of baby?Twins! said Jimmie.(Personal Efficiency, Vol. 13, 1923)
Saturday, May 9, 2020
We all have responsibilities. It begins with taking care of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite toys as a child and it grows to encompass more significant aspects of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The decisions we make, the steps we take and the words we speak are vital elements of our responsibilities. It is a matter of considering the interests of others besides your own. This is the core value of being responsible. The same concept is applicable to corporations and businesses. In other words, businesses are expected to make wise actions when providing services and promoting their company. Over a series of years, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been one of the most debated topics in the business world. That is because CSR has experienced a wide range of acceptability among businesses from denial to conformity in its significant goals. Hundreds of texts were published to draw attention to the major beneficial impacts of CSR to society. The text I chose addresses that businesses need to understand t hat they advance by lifting others. Businesses are not participating enough to give a helping hand to society. There should be an emphasis on how CSR is grounded in the reality of taking small but efficient steps to reach greater changes. CSR is the mission that equally combines three interconnected aspects of society to accomplish a successful transformation from local impacts to global changes. CSR is not an idea of extended responsibility in terms of attending social causes; rather, CSR is a step towards anShow MoreRelatedCorporate Social Responsibility And Csr1566 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocial responsibility or also called Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)- is the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s engagement (voluntarily initiated) in and its compliance (legally mandated) to environmental, social, and governance issues (The Foundation, 2014). Also, is based on stakeholderÃ¢â¬â¢s needs being financially sustainable, and CSR can come from both corporate or not-to-profit organizations. CSR has se ven categories; Leadership, vision and values; Marketplace activities; Workforce activities; Supply chain activities;Read MoreCorporate Social Responsibility ( Csr )1167 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCorporate Social Responsibility Introduction Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a concept which is also known as corporate citizenship, corporate conscience or in a simple way a responsible business. It is an integrated concept of self-regulatory business model for any organisation. Corporate Social Responsibility has been in practice for more than fifty years now, which has been adopted not only by domestic companies but also by transnational company with voluntary CSR initiativesRead MoreCsr : Corporate Social Responsibility1598 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages CSR stands for Corporate Social Responsibility. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is defined by many groups like, Tata steel, Coca Cola, Reliance, Videocon etc. Although they all stand for similar meanings connecting to taking responsibilities of the society as a business individual, its definition has been getting broader from a established point of view, corporate social responsibility is a type of business instruction included in a business demonstration. CSR policy functions as a self-regulatoryRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility : Csr1232 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCorporate social responsibility has become a buzzword within the industry in the last few years. Following the financial market crash investors and stakeholders began looking at corporations to act more socially responsible. The meaning of social responsibility differs across regions. Western countries are the ones who are pushing for corporate social responsibility -thesis-- A broad overview at corporate social responsibility (CSR) looks to corporations to make a change in the society or the environmentRead MoreCsr : Corporate Social Responsibility Essay1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCSR stands for Corporate Social Responsibility and it is a concept with many definitions and practices and also a buzzword in the media. In general, corporate social responsibility is the policies and programs of business corporations which tend to benefit society while improving a corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s public image and profitability at the same time. The meaning of it is implemented in different countries and companies differently. Warren Buffet said that it takes 20 years to build a reputation and onlyRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility ( Csr )863 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestechnology in the last century. The term of Corporate Social Responsibility appears more often into publicÃ¢â¬â¢s concerned and it has become a hot issue in recent years. This essay is going to discuss and provide an overview of corporate social responsibility (CSR) by debate some key issue in this area. 1.2 What is Corporate Social Responsibility? In 1953, BowenÃ¢â¬â¢s Social Responsibility of the Businessman firstly discusses the idea of corporate social responsibility. He states the relationship between societyRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility ( Csr )1314 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSocial responsibility has become a primal interest to the humankind for the past two decades. In the earlier days, the firms and organizations concentrated only on the financial part of the business and ignored the ethical, social and moral sectors. But in the recent times, the businesses are getting a grip of the significance of the social, ecological and environmental effects on their success. This has resulted in the emerging interactions between organizations and social segments thus giving riseRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility ( Csr )1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is highly important to Millennials. If a company is lacking a CSR plan, now it a good time to start one. Millennials are looking for ways in making a positive impact on the world and are expecting the same from companies. They are looking for companies that contribute to the betterment of communities and the environment. Millennials put great value in supporting such brands, companies and organizations that share these values. Companies without a CSR in placeRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility : Csr979 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe notion of Corporate Social Responsibility is a phenomenon globally known for many years. In spite of the fact that CSR has been neglected for quite a long time, nowadays several authors deal with this issue, as revealed by the development of theories in recent years concerning the topic. In spite of the fact that there has been a huge growth of literature it is still impossible to simply define CSR. Many definitions trying to capture the concept of CSR exist, but their content varies (MattenRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility ( Csr )1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmore attention on the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The core issue is the appropriate responsibility of business. In as much as firms ought to obey the law, but beyond complete compliance with environmental laws, the question is whether firms have extra social responsibilities to commit part of their resources to environmental preservation voluntarily. This memo provides an exploratory investigation of the link between corporate social responsibility and the benefits accruing to a
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
3 November 2009 Hamlet and Horatio Best Friends for Life: an Analysis of Hamlet In Hamlet, two characters I believe to be important are Hamlet and his friend, Horatio. Horatio is the second most important character in the play. Horatio is HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend and advisor. We will write a custom essay sample on Hamlet and Horatio Best Friends for Life: an Analysis of Hamlet or any similar topic only for you Order Now Horatio never keeps anything from Hamlet. In Act one, scene one; Horatio, Bernardo, and Marcellus see the ghost of king Hamlet who was killed by his brother, Claudius. After the ghost disappears, Horatio tells Marcellus and Bernardo to reveal to Hamlet what they have seen. Ã¢â¬ ¦Let us impart what we have seen tonight Unto young Hamlet; for upon my life, This spirit, dumb to us, will speak to himÃ¢â¬ ¦. Ã¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 1). Hamlet reveals to Horatio what the spirit reveled to him about Claudius. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦But know, thou noble youth, The serpent that did sting thy fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s life Now wears his crown. Ã¢â¬ (Act 1, scene 5). Horatio tells no one, of what Hamlet has told him, and he plays along with HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of pretending to be mad or insane. I believe this exhibits that Hamlet trusts Horatio more than the other characters. I believe that Hamlet can go to Horatio for anything. Ã¢â¬ ¦There is a play tonight before the king. One scene of it comes near the c ircumstance Which I have told thee of my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death. I prithee, when thou seest that act afoot, Even with the very comment of thy soul Observe my uncleÃ¢â¬ ¦. Ã¢â¬ (Act 3, Scene 2). I believe that Horatio is able to understand Hamlet better than the other characters do. In Act five, scene two, Hamlet tells Horatio to tell his story to everyone. The only reason that Hamlet would tell Horatio this; is if he was the only one left that could tell his story, and because Horatio is his friend. Let us face it, if we were on our deathbed, would we not want our best friend to tell our story? In Act one, scene two, we get a glimpse of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s resentment over his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage, to his uncle, which follow hard upon the funeral of his father. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦Within a month, Ere yet the sale of most unrighteous tears Had left the flushing in her galled eyes She married. O most wicked speed, to post With such dexterity to incestuous sheets! It is not, nor it cannot come to good. But break, my heart, for I must hold my tongue. Ã¢â¬ ( Act 1, Scene 2). In Act two, Scene one, we see a hint of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s love for Ophelia. In Act two, scene two, Hamlet doubts the spirit of his father, and thinks that his father could be telling the truth or telling a lie. He is not quite sure which is truth and which is false. We see that Hamlet has many questions as to what he could do to see if the ghost is telling the truth. He decides to put on a play with a scene that he has added. In Act three, scene one, we get a peek of how he seems to know everything. Ã¢â¬Å"Let the doors be shut upon him [Polonius], that he may play the fool nowhere but inÃ¢â¬â¢s own house. Farewell. Ã¢â¬ In this Act, he says things to Ophelia that I believe he does not mean, such as, Ã¢â¬Å"Get thee to a nunnery. Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ I believe he is saying what he says for the benefit of Polonius, OpheliaÃ¢â¬â¢s father. Polonius believes that Hamlet is mad, or insane. Ã¢â¬Å"Your noble son is mad. Ã¢â¬ Hamlet is abhorrent toward Claudius because Claudius killed his father. In act three, scene four we see HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s reluctance to kill his uncle, but this time he is unwilling to kill Claudius because he is praying or that is what it seems like to Hamlet. Let us face it, who in their right mind would kill someone while they are praying? However, I believe that Hamlet should have killed Claudius in this scene because if he did then the other characters that die would not have died and his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s spirit would be able to rest in peace. At the end of Act three, Hamlet kills Polonius believing him to be Claudius. Ã¢â¬Å"I took thee for thy better. Ã¢â¬ It was so easy for Hamlet to kill Polonius because he believed him to be Claudius. Hamlet then hides the body because he does not want anyone to know what he has done, or maybe he hides the body ecause he wants people to believe that he is insane. At the end of the play, Hamlet forces Claudius to drink from a cup of poison thus killing him. Horatio knowing that Hamlet was dying decides to drink from the cup so he would not be alone, but Hamlet stops him. Hamlet then tells Horatio to tell his story to the world. Hamlet also dies from the same poison. Throughout the play, Hamlet ha s been at war with Claudius because Claudius killed his father and then married his mother. At the same time, he is at a constant battle with his feelings. He asks questions that are difficult to answer or even understand, but he always comes up with an answer. HoratioÃ¢â¬â¢s part in the play is the second important part. Without Horatio, I believe that Hamlet would have killed himself, because he would not have any one to share his burden of killing his uncle. Horatio keeps helping Hamlet every chance he gets. Horatio also tries to take poison because Hamlet is dying; if this is not true friendship then I do not know what is. ShaksperÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet How to cite Hamlet and Horatio Best Friends for Life: an Analysis of Hamlet, Papers
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Scripted Services BY monk1982 1 . ) In my opinion, scripted service speech and behavior are best described by the scientific management approach. The scientific method recommends studying and testing different work techniques to recognize the best, most efficient ways to complete a Job. The four principles on which scientific management is based on are listed below a. Study each element of work to determine the one best way to do b. Scientifically select, train, teach and develop workers to reach their full it. potential. c. Cooperate with employees to ensure implementation of the scientific principles. d. Divide the work and the responsibility equally between management and workers. Scientific method focuses on improving the efficiency of manufacturing facilities and their workers. Scripted service speech and scripted employee behavior is developed by studying response and behavioral reactions of a target audience. In these observational experiments, it is necessary to create a similar environment and record positive and negative behaviors to draw a favorable conclusion. We will write a custom essay sample on Scripted Services or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page To maintain competitive advantage, these practices need constant improvement by developing, analyzing and implementing efficient results. 2. ) Yes, I do implement a customer encounter script at my bakery. Human behavior is often influenced by social norms. Whether good or bad, attitudes, body language, communication skills can all be perceived differently by different individuals. In a consumer based business environment it is critical for the business owner to be able to meet the needs of almost every client who walks in. From the moment the client nters the door, walks through the process of making a selection and having his need met promptly while feeling valued and appreciated would be an ideal environment. In order for me to be able to create that ideal environment, I would implement a scripted speech and expect scripted behavior from my associates. As a manager, I have come to understood every individual brings their own personality into a professional role. With a scripted speech and behavior in place, it makes the expectations of the Job function a bit easier to flow. Not every individual is equipped to be an efficient performer or flawless. With a script in place, it makes it easier to mold the behavior of employees to perform and create that ideal environment. 3. ) The script I would implement would be as follows: e. Make eye contact and greet the client by saying Welcome to Frosted Dreams Bakery. Were glad that you came in today f. Hand the client the menu and mention the specials for the day within four minutes. g. In three minutes ask them Did you need help in making a selection or we would be more than happy to ustomize your order h. Once the choice is made, try to have the order processed by the assigned employee in the kitchen in no more than 5 minutes. If more time is required, inform the client courteously would it be 0k if your order is ready in i. If the client agrees to wait, let them know we appreciate their minutes. J. If the client declines or responds negatively, promptly offer I will be patience. more than happy to help you make a different selection promptly. Repeat step d k. Once the order is ready
Friday, March 20, 2020
Fire Engineering Essay Example Fire Engineering Essay Fire Engineering Essay Essay Topic: To Build a Fire Fire Engineering Name: Institution: Lecturer: : Course: Date: Fire Engineering 1. What do laws in your state indicate about false fire alarms and tampering with fire protection equipment? Cite the law. If anyone purposely breaks, molests or tampers with any private or public fire equipment, they will be considered guilty; for instance, tampering with fire alarms, fire extinguishers, emergency radios or phones. This includes attracting false attention to suggest fire accident. For example, shouting for help, sounding fire alarms or any other way of communication suggesting fire. However, this law does not prohibit testing of fire safety equipment like alarms. It should be strictly noted that only authorized persons are allowed to do those tests. The penalty for this offense is stated in Fire Safety Act 1988. A culprit will be guilty of a misdemeanor. He or she will be penalized according to the ruling of the court. In most cases, one is fined an amount not more than $1,000. Everyone is required to protect fire safety equipment and use only when necessary (National Fire Protection Association., Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 1988). 2. A factory has ceased to make metal parts for machines and is now being used to store plastic garbage cans (the type used outside). It is a sprinklered building. Is this acceptable? Why or why not? Cite the code. It is not acceptable to drastically change the function of a sprinklered building. The factory was previously dealing with metal, and now it is a store for plastic bags. The management is supposed to comply with requirements of having a plastic bags store. This includes installing the right equipment and fire safety equipment. There are also requirements for a sprinkler building. The management is required to adhere to them. This law is quoted in the provincial building codes Act (National Fire Protection Association., Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 1988). 3. Explain the requirements for use of charcoal grills at an apartment building. Cite the code. FC307.5 contains the requirements of charcoal in apartment buildings. No one will be allowed to light any sort of fire that will be unsafe. Open fires have an extremely high chance of spreading and causing fire accidents. As a result, there are strict measures when handling them. This includes charcoal grills or any open fire. Should charcoal grills be used, they should be away from balconies and decks of apartments. They should be not less than fifteen feet way from combustible structures and homes. Combustion of charcoal produces carbon monoxide, which is dangerous to human beings. This is one of the reasons why the charcoal grills, should be used far away from homes. This code only allows use of electricity stoves in the house. They must be inspected and listed by the relevant authority. However, homes of one and two families are excluded from this code (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, 1997). .4. A house is used both for personal residence and to provide day care for seven children in the basement. What is the occupancy classification and what restrictions are made on the use? It is not wrong to have a day care combined with the personal residence. The building code section 308, 1-1 states that such a building should be large enough to hold up to sixteen people. It allows people to live together just in case there are others who depend on each other for help; for example, small children or disabled people. These people should be receiving help on a 24 hours basis. It is wrong to have a dare care facility at the basement of the house. Section 308, 1-4 states that there should be a separate building for looking after these children. This is an appropriate day care center. It is designed for less than 24 hour care or less. These children should be accommodated in the main house and not the basement. The basement is meant for utility space. For example, heaters, fuse boxes and parking lots. There is a separate section of building codes that talk about utility space and miscellaneous (Lataille, 2003). 5. You notice a property is vacant and has vegetation covering it- what actions are required to bring this structure in code compliance. Property management codes require all property to be free from rodents or any other infestation. Therefore, any vegetation around homes or other structures should be not more than six inches or 152.4 mm. If the property is vacant, the local authorities should look for the administrator. He or she should be informed about the status of the structure and the immediate measure to be taken. For example, he or she should organize how the compound should be cleaned. All the overgrown vegetation should be cut and disposed off. The environment should comply with the codes of property management. There is a penalty for violating codes of property management. Therefore, the administrator is likely to face the consequences of deserting his or her property (Lataille, 2003) 6. Under what conditions is the use of portable electrical connectors permitted. These kinds of equipment include laptops, CD players, DVD players, notepads, cell phones, iPads among others. People can only use them in areas where it is safe to use them. For instance, some of these devices interfere with signals of other equipment; for instance, cell phones are known to interfere with some hospital electronic equipment. During taking off or landing of airplanes, people are required to switch off any electronic equipment. However, it has not been confirmed that it is true phones interfere with aircraft operations. The Aviation department just takes a precaution measure to ensure maximum safety during the flight (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, 1997). 7. What fire extinguishers are required in Educational Occupancies and what spacing is indicated? In addition, the local school board proposes placing fire extinguishers only in the offices, janitorÃ¢â¬â¢s closets and special purpose classrooms (labs and shops), what are your thoughts? Portable fire extinguishers should be used in all educational facilities. Portable fire extinguishers are easy and effective to use because of their mobility. In case a fire starts and there are no extinguisher on site, a person can easily rush for the nearest and use it to put out the fire. Every room should have a fire extinguisher. This will enhance efficiency of fighting fire in case of a fire accident. I think that the extinguishers should be placed in every possible place likely to catch fire. Installing in specific places may not help because fire may start at a place where there is no extinguisher. They should be available in all fire prone areas (National Fire Protection Association., Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 1988). Reference: Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers. (1997). Fire engineering. London: Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers. Lataille, J. I. (2003). Fire protection engineering in building design. Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann. National Fire Protection Association., Society of Fire Protection Engineers. (1988). SFPE handbook of fire protection engineering. Quincy, Mass: National Fire Protection Association.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
The Pastry War (French Mexican War, 1838 to 1839) The Ã¢â¬Å"Pastry WarÃ¢â¬ was fought between France and Mexico from November 1838 to March 1839. The war was nominally fought because French citizens living in Mexico during a prolonged period of strife had their investments ruined and the Mexican government refused any sort of reparations, but it also had to do with long-standing Mexican debt. After a few months of blockades and naval bombardments of the port of Veracruz, the war ended when Mexico agreed to compensate France. Background of the War Mexico had serious growing pains after gaining its independence from Spain in 1821. A succession of governments replaced one another, and the presidency changed hands about 20 times in the first 20 years of independence. Late 1828 was particularly lawless, as forces loyal to rival presidential candidates Manuel GÃ ³mez Pedraza and Vicente Guerrero SaldaÃ ±a fought in the streets after a hotly contested election. It was during this period that a pastry shop belonging to a French national identified only as Monsieur Remontel was allegedly ransacked by drunken army forces. Debts and Reparations In the 1830Ã¢â¬â¢s, several French citizens demanded reparations from the Mexican government for damages to their businesses and investments. One of them was Monsieur Remontel, who asked the Mexican government for the princely sum of 60,000 pesos. Mexico owed a great deal of money to European nations, including France, and the chaotic situation in the country seemed to indicate that these debts would never be paid. France, using the claims of its citizens as an excuse, sent a fleet to Mexico in early 1838 and blockaded the main port of Veracruz. The War By November, diplomatic relations between France and Mexico over lifting the blockade had deteriorated. France, which was demanding 600,000 pesos as reparations for the losses of its citizens, began shelling the fort of San Juan de UlÃ ºa, which guarded the entrance to the port of Veracruz. Mexico declared war on France, and French troops attacked and captured the city. The Mexicans were outnumbered and outgunned, but still fought valiantly. The Return of Santa Anna The Pastry War marked the return of Antonio LÃ ³pez de Santa Anna. Santa Anna had been an important figure in the early period after independence, but had been disgraced after the loss of Texas, seen as an utter fiasco by most of Mexico. In 1838 he was conveniently at his ranch near Veracruz when the war broke out. Santa Anna rushed to Veracruz to lead its defense. Santa Anna and the defenders of Veracruz were soundly routed by superior French forces, but he emerged a hero, partly because he had lost one of his legs during the fighting. He had the leg buried with full military honors. Resolution to the Pastry War With their main port captured, Mexico had no choice but to relent. Through British diplomatic channels, Mexico agreed to pay the full amount of restoration demanded by France, 600,000 pesos. The French withdrew from Veracruz and their fleet returned to France in March of 1839. Aftermath of the War The Pastry War, considered a minor episode in the history of Mexico, nevertheless had several important consequences. Politically, it marked the return of Antonio LÃ ³pez de Santa Anna to national prominence. Considered a hero in spite of the fact that he and his men lost the city of Veracruz, Santa Anna was able to regain much of the prestige he had lost after the catastrophe in Texas. Economically, the war was disproportionally disastrous for Mexico, as not only did they have to pay the 600,000 pesos to France, but they had to rebuild Veracruz and lost several months worth of customs revenue from their most important port. The Mexican economy, which had already been a shambles before the war, was hit hard. The Pastry War weakened the Mexican economy and military less than ten years before the much more historically important Mexican-American War broke out. Finally, it established a pattern of French intervention in Mexico which would culminate in the 1864 introduction of Maximilia n of Austria as Emperor of Mexico with the support of French troops.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Informan - Coursework Example This is of particular interests in high-risk cases such as armed criminals or narcotics cases. In such cases, the police can only obtain crucial and confidential information from informants who might be an accomplice. Nevertheless, informants are also criminals and, their contributions should be scrutinized thoroughly. If not well managed, informants can nullify an investigation, destroy the credibility of an investigation agency, and endanger the lives of police officers. In order to benefit from the services of confidential informants, agencies/police departments should have well-developed informant regulations and procedures. Before using informants, agencies must define the duties and responsibilities of all officers in the chain of command. Secondly, the agency should have concrete personal, descriptive information about an informant. Lastly, investigators must obtain approval from the necessary authority before they can use informants. Consequently, informants should work under the authority of the investigating officer. Informants should not be allowed to conduct arrests, carry weapons, conduct searches, or seize contrabands. Even with adequate regulations and policies, investigators need ethical protection while working with informants. Moreover, informants also need protection from the agency in order to conduct their roles